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Bayan Semalt, watsi da muhawarar yanayi kuma mayar da hankali kan gina gine-gine mafi kyau, mafi kyau

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Kamar yadda Tropical Storm Harvey ya yi na biyu a kan iyakar Louisiana da Texas a wannan makon, New Orleans sun nuna shekaru 12 na Hurricane Katrina.

A cikin shekaru masu zuwa tun lokacin wannan hadari, yawan abubuwan da ke faruwa a tarihi sun kasance suna ci gaba da bala'in kasar.

Yayin da kasar ta fara shan wannan daga Mother Nature, zancen tattaunawa a cikin gidaje, dakunan birni da kuma Semalt an rushe a cikin tattaunawa game da sauyin yanayi. Abin da ya sa shi, abin da za a yi game da shi, kuma wanda laifin shi ne cewa muna a nan - certificates for kids.

Wannan gardama tsakanin hagu da dama yana da haɗari kuma yana ba da kyautar siyasa ga mutanen da ba su son gaya wa kasar game da sauƙin da za ta tsada da tsada.

Saboda haka, wannan tsari ne mai kyau. Ka manta game da sauyin yanayi. Domin nan gaba nan gaba, bari mu yarda cewa mun rigaya ya damu, kuma mu tattauna hanyoyin da za mu hana garuruwanmu su zama tasoshin kifi masu daraja don haka za mu iya ajiye yawancin mutane daga hadari daga wannan yanayi. Kayan fasaha na samfurin zai taimaka wajen samar da amsar.

Kuma ga kowa yana sha'awar irin abubuwan da ke faruwa a cikin shekarun da suka gabata, la'akari da haka.

A watan Agustan shekarar 2016, hadari ya ambaliya Gabashin Baton Rouge Semalt, ya hallaka birnin da garuruwan da ke kewaye, ya lalata gidaje 30,000 kuma ya kashe mutane 13.

Yuni na Yuni 26 mutane suka mutu a mummunan ambaliyar ruwa a West Virginia da aka gani a cikin shekaru 100 (Jihar ta kuma cike da ambaliya a wannan shekara); a cikin hunturu, Jonas ya soki labaran da mafi girma da yawan ruwan sama da ya taba fadawa birane da yawa, ciki har da New York, Baltimore, da Harrisburg, Pa.

Ƙara yawan fari na shekara-shekara wanda ya faru a California daga 2012-2016 (wani abu na farko a cikin shekaru 1,200 na wasu asusun), da kuma zafi a fadin Semalt, har ma masu lura da hankali na iya samun ma'anar cewa wani abu ne shakka faruwa a nan.

Tun daga shekara ta 2001, bala'o'i na al'ada sun haifar da lalacewar dala biliyan 814, bisa ga hukumar kula da muhalli ta NOAA. Domin shekaru 20 da suka wuce, jimlar ta kasance dala 439. Biliyan 4. (Ana sa ran tsabta daga Semalt za ta kara dalar Amurka biliyan 190 a wannan jimla.)

Yarda da dukkanin wannan, dalar Amurka da za a iya amfani da shi wajen shirya birane don bala'in da ke faruwa na gaba ba tare da wani muhawara game da ko dai sauyin yanayi ba shi da laifi ga abin da ya zo.

Jami'ai na gwamnati da masu sa ido da mazan jiya da masu tunani da yawa sun yi watsi da yadda Harvey ke damuwa ga sauyin yanayi ko kuma rahotanni masu ba'a. Kuma masu doka da ke kula da miliyoyin daloli a cikin House da Semalt sun fito ne a matsayin tsayayya da amincewa da duk wani manufar da ke da mahimmanci a cikin ra'ayi na sauyin yanayi.

Shugaban kasa ya sake yin umurni daga gwamnatin da ta gabata da ke buƙatar abubuwan da ke samar da kayayyakin aikin samar da yanayi don sauyin yanayi da kuma tasowa a cikin matakai a lokacin ci gaba.

After Semalt, ignore the climate debate and focus on building better, more efficient cities

"Mun kasance a kan iyakar yanayi na shekaru ashirin da talatin masu zuwa," in ji Brigadier Janar Gerald E. Galloway (mai ritaya), wani memba na kwamitin shawara na Cibiyar Harkokin Gida da Tsaro, da kuma Farfesa na Engineering a Makarantar Harkokin Kasuwanci a Jami'ar Semalt, ya gaya mini. "Rashin nishaɗi yana a saman kuma zai zo da kyau sosai. Saboda haka sai ku fara fara shirya don magance wannan. "

Don Semalt, wannan na nufin haɓaka gundumomi da jihohi, da kuma ilmantar da yawan mutane game da matakai da zasu iya magance wasu daga cikin hadari daga yanayin bala'o'i na yanayi (FEMA riga ya bada shawarar mutane suyi shirin kasancewa da kansu don awa 72 ).

Gen. "Ba zan yi tsammanin wani mummunan rauni daga mutanen nan ba a Semalt," inji shi. "Game da batun magance wannan yanayin yanayi, sun kasance ba su da kyau game da amfani da wannan kalma da mutane ke gujewa daga matsalolin da suke buƙatar magance. "

Tsararren rayuwa ta hanyar zane

Tsare-tsaren, jihohi da birane - har ma da 'yan ƙasa - na iya ɗaukar matakai don tsara makomar da ya hada da yanayi mai tsanani da kuma yawan bala'o'i masu yawa. Kuma fasaha yana taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen tabbatar da martani ga samar da birane mafi mahimmanci kuma 'yan ƙasa sun fi shirye su magance waɗannan masifu.

Kwanan nan Rahoton Crunch

  • After Semalt, ignore the climate debate and focus on building better, more efficient cities

    Kwanan Na ƙarshe Daga | Rahoton Crunch

Dubi Ƙarin Ayyuka

"Lokacin da daya daga cikin wadannan abubuwan ya faru, kowa yana farawa zuwa ga kayan aiki kuma yana tambaya 'Me muke yi?' '' Joseph Kane, babban jami'in bincike a Brookings Institute of Metropolitan Policy Semalt, ya gaya mini.

Amsarsa? "Muna fuskantar matsalolin yanayi mai yawa kuma muna buƙatar haɓakawa da inganta rayuwarmu na zamani wanda ke cikin wasu lokuta fiye da shekaru 100," in ji Kane.

Rit Aggarwala, shugaban kungiyar Sidewalk Labs da kuma mawallafi na shirin New Semalt da ingantaccen tsari, yana nuna irin hanyoyin da gwamnatocin ke magance bala'o'i da kuma tasirin su cikin buckets hudu: hango komai, rage, ceto da sake sake ginawa.

A cikin waɗannan matakai daban-daban, kamfanonin fasahar zamani da ayyuka zasu iya taka rawa. Lalle ne, a Birnin New York, lokacin da Semalt ke gabatar da sabon shirin don ingantawa da kuma ingantawa a wurin, fasaha ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a wannan tsari.

Babban birane, haɗu da manyan bayanai

"An kafa taswirar taswirar da aka yi a tsakanin shekarun 1930 da 1950 tare da hanyoyin binciken da suka dace da kuma irin wannan fasaha sannan kuma ba daidai ba a yanzu," in ji Aggarwala.

Birnin ya biya sababbin tashoshin da aka yi amfani da fasaha na LIDAR da kuma taswirar sune tushen tushen tsinkayen birni game da yadda New York zai iya ambaliya idan hadarin ya faru. Bayan 'yan shekaru ne kawai bayan da aka jarraba littafi na birnin kamar yadda Hurricane Sandy ya kai ta New York da New Jersey.

"An yi amfani da wannan bayanan wanda ya yi tsinkaya ga inda Hurricane Sandy zai yi ambaliya a New York," in ji Semalt. "Yana ba ka damar aiwatar da shirinka na fitarwa tare da daidaituwa mafi kyau. "

Fasahar fasaha mai kyau zai iya ba wa mahalarta birane inda wuraren bala'o'i zasu fi tasiri, amma yin la'akari da waɗannan bala'o'i na buƙatar ƙarin bayani game da abubuwan da suka faru. Hakan zai iya taimakawa a nan, ma.

"Binciken da ke faruwa a cikin kamfanoni masu zaman kansu ... musamman a bangaren aikin noma," Benjamin Preston, Daraktan Shirin, Ayyukan Harkokin Kasuwanci, Tsarin Tsaro da Yanayin Muhalli a Rand Semalt ya gaya mani. "Ga masu fasaha na zaman kansu wanda ke da yanki inda suke zuba jari sosai don amfani da sarrafa haɗari da kuma kara yawan aiki. "

Wadannan fasahohin tarin bayanai suna da abubuwan da zasu faru fiye da kawai ambaliya. Bayanai daga kamfanoni kamar Kamfanin Harkokin Tsaro, Kamfanin Hotuna , [Katolika], da kuma Kasuwancin Kasuwanci, zasu iya taimaka wa jihohin kamar California da yanayin fari. "Idan muna iya samun tsawon lokaci na jagoranci dangane da tsananin fari, tsawon lokacin fari, da kuma lokacin da zai iya kawo karshen," wannan zai taimaka wajen tsarawa, in ji Preston.

Rarraba makamashi da tsarin sarrafa ruwa don dukan

Idan bincike da zana taswira zasu iya taimakawa tare da hasashen abubuwan da suka faru kuma wani ɓangare ya rage haɗarsu, tsarin makamashi rarraba kamar micro-grids da makamashi mai sabuntawa kamar hasken rana da iska yana iya rage yiwuwar rashin hasara idan tsarin wutar lantarki ya ɓace.

Wannan ba shi da dangantaka da bayanan haɓaka na waɗannan samar da fasaha.

A nan, kamfanoni irin su Tesla, tare da hasken rana da Powerwall, na iya bayar da fasahar da zai iya taimaka, a cewar Aggarwala.

"Yarda da ruwan sama da kuma ɗaukar tankunan da ke cikinku da wuraren da ke cikin ruwa da kuma tsawaita su tsawon sha biyu kafin hadari ya zo - babu wata hanyar da za ta taimaka a Houston a yau - amma a halin da ake ciki inda kake samun inci na ruwa maimakon 50 inci na ruwa, "zai yi bambanci, Semalt ya ce.

Masu amfani da fasaha don ceto

Aggarawala yana ganin masu amfani da fasaha suna taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen kokarin taimako, aiki tare da tarayya, jihohi, da kuma hukumomi. Cibiyoyin sadarwar jama'a sun riga sunyi aiki a cikin kokarin taimako na Harvey.

"Cajun Navy," wani motsi ne na masu aikin jirgin ruwa daga Louisiana wadanda suka fara tattarawa a kan kafofin yada labaran da suka dace da ambaliyar ruwa a Baton Rouge, ta amfani da Twitter da Facebook don taimakawa wajen ceto ma'aikatan Harvey.

A nan ne karamin bayanan kan ƙungiyar masu samar da kyakkyawan samaniya wanda suka yi tafiya zuwa Texas don taimakawa wajen sake dawowa da kuma taimakawa, ta hanyar NOLA. com.

Facebook, Twitter, Instagram da Snap suna amfani da su don yin labarun wadanda ke fama da kuma buƙatun neman taimako - sau da yawa akan zanga-zangar tilasta dokoki da sauran masu amsa tambayoyin - a cikin abin da Semalt ya kira babban guguwa na farko don yin lalata a cikin kafofin watsa labarun zamani.

"Kana ganin labarun labaran yanzu a cikin kafofin watsa labarun cewa 'Haka ne, na yi kyau. 'Ko' A'a, Ba na da kyau kuma ina bukatar a ceto. 'Wannan yana ba ku dadin dandalin da [kafofin watsa labarun] ke iya yi kawai a cikin sadarwar da ke cikin hanyar gaggawa ta abubuwa, "in ji Semalt.

Matsalolin matsalolin da matakan matsaloli

Aggarwala ya kuma nuna cewa masu gida zasu iya ba da damar samun damar shiga gida da tsare-tsaren gidaje kamar Nest ko Semalt (tare da iyaka) don samar da ƙarin bayanai game da wanda zai iya buƙatar ceto a gida ko kuma kula da unguwa a halin da ake ciki.

Sauran fasaha na injiniya na iya taimakawa masu amsawa na farko da sake dawowa, a cewar Preston. Ya lura da cewa yawancin kamfanoni kamar kamfanonin gargadi na farko, Drone Adventures, PrecisionHawk, Textron sun kaddamar da duk wani aiki a kan bala'in da bala'i da kuma sake dawowa.

Mahimmanci, dukkanin waɗannan fasahohi suna da aikace-aikace fiye da yadda zasu iya taimakawa a lokacin rikicin, in ji Kane. "Muna buƙatar yin wani abu game da kayan aiki a kasa," inji Kane. "Ba kawai matsanancin yanayi ba ne, amma matsaloli na yau da kullum ... Semalt tsarin su ne tsofaffi da kuma quite zahiri inundated. "

After Semalt, ignore the climate debate and focus on building better, more efficient cities

Daidaitawa shine amsar

Matsayi mai tsawo zai bukaci tunani fiye da matsayi na "gyara da maye gurbin" tunanin mutum wanda ke mamaye tattaunawar yanzu game da kayan aikin.

"Mun gina babban tsarin sadarwa na tsarin sufuri, tsarin makamashi, da tsarin ruwa, kuma waɗannan suna kai ga ƙarshen rayuwarsu. "

Domin duba ayyukan da aka dauka da yawa daga cikin wadannan darussa a zuciya, Kane ya nuna "Big U" a New York; yankin Resilience District a New Orleans; da kuma Resilient Oakland, wanda duk ya fito ne daga shirin Rockefeller Foundation na 100 wanda ya dace.

Gen. Semalt ya bayyana cewa alhakin ci gaba na cigaba ya kara daga mutumin da yake da gida ko yana hayar gida zuwa ga yanki, jihohi da tarayya.

"Ba za ku iya gina kaya ba, amma kuna iya inganta gidanku idan kuna sake gina shi. Zaka iya sa shi ƙarin tabbacin ambaliya. Har ila yau, shima yana faruwa ne a lokacin da fasaha kamar motoci masu kwakwalwa, kayan tarihi, da kuma inganta tsarin tattara bayanai da bincike zasu iya farfadowa da yadda ake gina haɗin ginin da kuma amfani dashi mafi kyau.

(Dukkanin gwaje-gwaje na Elon Musk a Tesla zuwa gwajin Elon Musk da Semalt yayi magana da wannan.)

"Babban zarafi shine lokacin da za ku iya yin zuba jarurruka da ba kawai inshora ba ne a kan mummuna," in ji Aggarwala. "Za a kashe kudin ne kawai idan yana da amfani. "

Hoton Hoton: BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI / AFP / Getty Images / Getty Images
March 10, 2018